Accompong Town (from the Akan name Acheampong) “A nation within a nation” has no taxes, police and virtually no crime. Jamaica's original gated community up until the 1980s, the town’s gates were locked and outsiders had to seek permission to enter, but now visitors can come and go freely.
The Maroon of Jamaica led the most successful fight against the Spanish and English enslavers. Since Jamaica gained independence, the government has continue to recognized the rights of Maroons in terms of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. These rights include the "right to maintain and strengthen their distinct political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions
The Kindah Tree (Mango Tree) of Accompong near where the Maroons signed their treaty with the British in 1739 The fruitful Kindah Tree itself, with its sign proclaiming "We are Family", symbolizes the common kinship of the corporate creole community on its common land. Accompong Town is the most well-known Maroon community in Jamaica located in the mountains of St. Elizabeth, bordering the parishes of St. James and Trelawny. This state is a nation within the nation of the island of Jamaica. Its citizens are descendants of former slave’s resisters who fought and fled the slave plantations of Jamaica to form their own communities. They live on lands that were conceded under a treaty with the British and continue to practice and enjoy the traditional customs handed down to them by their African guerilla forefathers. Accompong was a supply base for the Maroons during their war for freedom against the British from 1655 until the signing of the Peace Treaty between both parties on March 1st, 1739.
The hero of Accompong was Kojo, who led its armies during those war years and never lost a battle. Since January 6, 1738, when Kojo routed the British army and slaughtered every member within it except one, Accompong has never again had a battle on its soil. He requested this one remaining English general to take a message to the then governor Edward Trelawny that the British should send more soldiers, as the Maroons were ready to repeat their feat. There have been no murders in this community for hundreds of years since. The people of Accompong are law-abiding and trustworthy. Their secret name for themselves means "Mighty Friend," and indeed a Maroon is the best friend one can have. The land of the settlement is communally owned. A deep sense of belonging to a family prevails in this town. Life expectancy is high. An usually high number live to be over 100 years old. Many Accompong Maroons lives off the earth has enabled a large percentage of them to live to more than 100 years old. The elders can perform grueling dances at festivals that would faze the youngsters of other communities.
Accompong Town was named after an early Maroon leader is a historical maroon village located in the hills of St. Elizabeth Parish on the Island of Jamaica. Their autonomy as a self-governing community was established by a peace treaty with the British in 1739. Located in Cockpit Country, the local terrain enabled maroons and indigenous Taínos to establish a fortified stronghold that could protect them first against the Spanish and then later against the British who they successfully defeated during the First Maroon War. The inhabitants of Accompong share practices and a culture similar to their African culture originating 200–300 years ago. Every 6 January (Cudjoe's birthday) at Accompong, descendants and friends of the Maroons come together at a festival in celebration of the treaty. In 2007, the festival took on a more political tone, as attenders protested increased bauxite mining.
For the Sovereign State of Accompong putting forth a dynamic climate change initiative has become an existential question. People living on small-islands collectively contribute the least towards global carbon emissions, yet small-islands are the worst affected by rises in the sea level which occur as a result of climate change. That is why Accompong is focusing both its foreign policy and monetary policy on this theme. The need to protect nature and live harmoniously with the environment has always been a strong part of Accompong’s domestic cultural heritage, and it has become the defining economic characteristic today as Accompong seeks to redefine itself in the 21st Century: building a bridge between Africa and the Caribbean, the South-South Climate Change Initiative (SSCCI) is one of Accompong's cornerstone projects. Recently, The Colonel-in-Chief Ferron Williams of Accompong has been re-establishing himself as a unique voice in the climate change discussion.
People of good behavior are always welcomed to Accompong. The village has a tourist entertaining booth, and tourists, schoolchildren in large and small groups and other Jamaicans visit Accompong daily to hear the history of the past, to learn about the present and to see and know the Maroons themselves, for a lot of foolish sayings go around Jamaica about the Maroons, even in this time close to the 21st century. To learn more about the Maroons and their customs, visit Accompong on Kojo's Day, January 6th, and see for yourself.